Undergraduate Degree




DG9002 Eco-Architecture in the Urban Living Environment

[Studio Contact Hours: 39 hours; Pre-requisites: NIL; Academic Unit: 3.0]




Academic Unit


3 AU

Course Description


Learning Objective

To introduce to students an awareness of the role and limits of ecological concerns in contemporary Singaporean urban living.


This course examines the key environmental issues and their impact on the living conditions that constitute the contemporary urban life. The concepts of eco-architecture are clarified and illustrated by a critical analyses of case studies. Under examination will be Singaporean spaces where nature and man meet such as national parks, the green belt, public spaces, urban parks, water catchment, rivers and reservoirs.

Course Outline




• Intro to course

2 - 6

• Eco-Architecture in the Urban Living Environment

- The CBD and the Park Lands

- Habitats in the Living Environment 

- Living, Work and Leisure

- Water Catchment areas and Nature Reserve

• Urban Concepts and Urbanisation

- Marina South – Concept of the new CBD

- Space Optimisation/Utilisation

• History and Continuity in Change

- The Singapore Clean River Project

- Land Reclamation

- Protection, conservation, restoration, eco-balance

• Eco-balance in the Natural System

- Man and Environment

- Forest Reserve (Bukit Timah, Singapore Botanic Gardens)

• Constructing and Sustaining Relationship

- Man-made and the Natural System

• The Basis of Eco-Architecture

- Replica of Built Environment

- Benjamin Sheares Bridge, High Rise with Greenery, etc.

• Applications of Eco-Architecture

- Zoological Garden

- Punggol 21, Sengkang, Chua Chu Kang Housing Development

- Jurong Island – New Water

- BKE and the Forest Reserve


• Mid Sem review of assignments

8 - 12​

Group Presentation: The philosophy and concepts of eco-architecture

• Public Spaces, Parks and Recreation

- Bukit Timah Nature Reserve

- Quarry at Pulau Ubin

• Green Architecture

- Waste Management/Recycling Concepts

- Drainage System

- Sewerage System

• Ecologically Sustainable Architecture in Singapore 

- Sustainability

- Diversity

- Innovation and Change

- Cycle of Life


• Final review of assignments

Learning Outcome

The students will be able to link the built human environment in Singapore within the broader context of its environment. Students will have an understanding of architecture that is informed by its ethical circumstances.

Student Assessment

  1. Final Written Examination: 30%

  2. Continuous Assessment: 70% (of which at least 15% is participation)

Continuous assessment components may include:

  • Studio-based exercises and projects

  • Individual, group and team-based assignments


  1. Wines, James, Keoln, Green Architecture, Taschen.

  2. Victor Papanek, The Green Imperative : Ecology and Ethics in Design and Architecture, Thames and Hudson.

  3. Singapore Institute of Architects, Architects of Singapore, Images Australia Pty Ltd.

  4. Lynne Elizabeth, Casandra Adams, Alternative Construction : Contemporary Natural Buildings Methods, Wiley

  5. Aaron Betsky, Landscrapers – Building with the Land, Thames and Hudson.

  6. Bonnie Tinsley, Visions of Delight: the Singapore Botanic Gardens Through the Ages, The Gardens

  7. Also miscellaneous reports from Urban Redevelopment Authority such as those for: Singapore River, Bukit Timah etc